Why Is Diabetic Foot Care Important?
You should treat diabetics food conditions timely. It can lead to a limb-warning condition. Diabetic patients need extra-ordinary care to keep their feet safe from any disease. Diabetes increases blood sugar levels. High sugar levels can harm the nerves in the feet. It causes a situation called peripheral neuropathy. This is the reason why diabetic foot care is important. Nerve damage and poor circulation reduce recovery. This increases the probability of infection.
Damage in the nerves may lose the feeling in a person’s feet. The patient may not feel any small cut they may suffer. It may be due to walking barefoot across the ground. They may not understand ill-fitting shoes may lead to a blister. If the circulation is slow, healing will be difficult. If it is not treated, there are chances of getting serious infections.
It is very essential for diabetic persons to follow foot care daily. Diabetes foot care is important. They should wash their feet every day. Keep a check of blisters, cuts, and injuries. It is necessary to keep feet dry. There should be no infection between the spaces of the fingers of your feet. Consult your medical practitioner. Infection may cause if you don’t treat your feet with care. This may result in gangrene and other serious diseases.
Control your diabetes with a healthy lifestyle. This will keep your feet in good health. This is possible by:
- Daily monitoring your blood sugar levels
- Regular medical check-up (sugar, cholesterol, and blood pressure)
- Daily exercise
- Eating healthy and nutritious food
- Regular foot care
Top Tips for Diabetes Foot Care:
Proper foot care will help in preventing foot problems. It will be useful in treating your feet before they cause any complications. Here are some top tips for diabetes foot care:
1. Take Care of Your Diabetes
Keep your sugar levels under control. These is one of the top tip for diabetes foot care. You should check your cholesterol and blood pressure levels. It is possible with proper treatment, healthy and nutritious food. A proper lifestyle and regular exercise are necessary for diabetes. Staying active is very important to deal with diabetes. Maintain a healthy weight.
2. Get periodic check-ups of your foot
Many diabetic patients lose feeling in their feet. A periodic check-up of the foot is very necessary. It helps to prevent any foot complications in diabetes. This is useful if you suffer from numbness or poor circulation. Your primary care doctor can check your foot. But if you have problems like ulcer, you should consult a podiatrist.
3. No Smoking
Smoking is very harmful. It restricts blood flow in your feet. This leads to infections, ulcers, and possible amputation. You may also suffer from peripheral neuropathy. It is important tip for diabetes foot care to quit smoking. This will improve your health and reduce your risk of complications. Smoking deprives your feet of the nutrient and oxygen-rich blood. This fights infection and keeps them healthy. Talk to your doctor if you need help in quitting smoking.
4. Never Walk barefoot
Do not walk barefoot, even around at home. It may cause injuries that can get infected. Always wear footwear to cover your feet. You could step on something and get a cut or scratch if you walk barefoot. Walking barefoot on hard surfaces may collapse our feet. This may lead to stress not only to the foot but the whole body. Walking barefoot exposes your feet to bacterial and fungal organisms. This infects the skin and nails.
5. Wash your feet in a soft manner while bathing
Wash your feet using a soft cloth or sponge. Bath your feet with lukewarm water. Never use hot water. Use a mild soap. Dry the area between the toes. Pat them in a smooth manner with a clean, absorbent towel. Add a long sponge brush in a diabetic foot care kit to reach your feet in an easy manner. Keeping your feet clean will keep any infection-prone areas free of dirt.
6. Moisturize your feet in the right manner
Moisturize your feet daily. It helps to keep skin healthy. It stops dry skin from cracking or itching. Do not apply lotion between your toes. Consult your doctor for your lotion type. Choose the best lotion. The patient may have co-ailments with a diabetic foot problem and skin sensitivity. Talk to your doctor for more suggestions.
7. Cut your nails in a careful manner
Cut the nails straight across. File the edges of the nails. Use the emery board in only one direction. Trim your nails after washing the feet. The nails are soft at this point in time. If you get a pedicure, bring your own tools to prevent infections. Avoid cutting nails too short. It may lead to ingrown toenails. If you find any problem, consult your doctor immediately.
8. Wear proper socks
Change your socks daily. Wear socks that have proper cushions. The socks should not have elastic tops. If your feet get cold at the night, wear socks. Don’t use a heating pad or a hot water bag. Socks provide an extra layer of soft protection between your foot and your shoe. Wear socks to bed if your feet are cold.
9. Keep your feet warm and dry
Avoid your feet from getting wet in rain. Wear warm socks in winter. Infections tend to develop in moist areas. So make sure that your feet are dry. It is one of the top tips for diabetes foot care. The space between the toes is airtight. Skin gets moist and breaks down, leading to infection. Towel off your feet after washing your feet. Remove wet or sweaty shoes or socks immediately.
10. Never treat corns and calluses yourself
Calluses and corns are thick areas of skin that occurs due to friction on a part of the foot. In the case of diabetic patients, a callus or corn can be a thin layer of hard skin covering, a deep wound, or ulceration. Never try to treat corns or calluses yourself. Consult the doctor if you have any problem with your feet.
11. Use antiperspirant on the soles of your feet
Antiperspirant helps to keep feet dry. It is very useful if you have excess sweating on the feet. Antiperspirant minimizes sweating by blocking the sweat ducts. It has various aluminum salts dissolved in alcohol and mixed with essential oils. These come as a roll-on solution, dusting powder, or spray. It is advisable to use once a day is starting. Then after some days use as required.
12. Check your feet daily
Check for any cuts, swelling, or blisters on the feet. Keep a check if there is any redness on the feet. Inspect your toenails in a proper manner. Use a magnifying glass to check your feet. Inspect the tops, sides, soles, heels, and the area between the toes. You may have heard that diabetes causes gangrene (dead, black tissue). Most cases of gangrene are due to delay in the treatment of foot injuries. If you notice anything consult your doctor immediately.
13. Wear shoes with a proper fit
Wear closed-toe shoes or slippers. Choose your shoes that have plenty of space. Never buy shoes hoping they will stretch. Avoid wearing plastic slippers. Choose footwear made up of leather, suede, or canvas. Always check the inside of the shoes. There should be no object left inside. Wear diabetes-friendly footwear.
14. Blood Circulation should be proper
Blood flow should be proper to your feet. It is one of the important tips for diabetes foot care. Place your feet up while sitting. You should wiggle your toes and move your ankles several times a day. Don’t keep your legs in cross position for a long duration of time. Control your blood fat levels. Keep a regular check of blood glucose levels. Exercise daily. Poor blood circulation slows down healing and increases the chance of foot infection.
15. Consult your Doctor at frequent intervals
Visit your doctor at frequent intervals. Get your feet check-up. It is important to get a thorough foot exam once a year. Consult a podiatrist (a foot doctor) in an interval of 2-3 months, even if you don’t have any foot problems. Diabetes-related foot problems can worsen in a quick manner. It can be difficult to treat. So it’s important to seek prompt medical attention.