What is Stem Cell Therapy?: Types, Benefits and Side Effects

What is stem cell therapy?

Stem cell therapy helps repair the response of diseased, dysfunctional, or injured tissue. This is possible using stem cells or their derivatives. The stem particularize in the specific type of cells. The cells may be blood cells, nerve cells, or heart muscle cells. Implantation of the specific type of cells into a person is helpful. For example, if a person is suffering from heart disease, cells of the heart muscle are useful. These healthy transplanted heart muscle cells contribute to repairing defective heart muscle. This therapy is an excellent development in medical history.

The therapy is useful in the treatment of many disorders, by the stem cells.

What Can Stem Cell Therapy treat?

Diseases cured by stem cell therapies:

The therapy is useful in treating a variety of diseases. Some of the examples are:

  1. Parkinson’s disease
  2. Spinal cord injury
  3. Diabetes
  4. Diabetic foot ulcer
  5. Alzheimer’s disease
  6. Heart disease
  7. Leukemia
  8. Lymphoma
  9. Stroke
  10. Cancer
  11. Burns
  12. Osteoarthritis
  13. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  14. Birth defects such as cleft tongue or lips
  15. Immunodeficiency diseases

What are the types of Stem Cells?

Research on stem cells have shown that there are following types of stem cells:

1. Adult Cell
These cells are called somatic stem cells. You can find these cells in fully developed organs of a human being. They are present in different parts of the body. The body parts may be the brain, skin tissue, hair follicles. It can also be fat tissue, bone marrow, etc. They are effective. The cells have little or no problems with immune rejection. They are further classified in the following types:
  1. Neural stem cell
  2. Skin stem cell
  3. Epithelial stem cell
  4. Mesenchymal stem cell
  5. Hematopoietic stem cell
2. Embryonic Cell

In 3-5 days after fertilization and before implantation an inner cell mass is visible. It is present in the embryo. It is efficient in generating all special tissues that make a human body. The doctor removes cells from the inner cell mass of the embryo after the fertilization in vitro. The cell has the ability to regenerate and replicate into other stem cells. These cells are useful in treating many diseases.

3. Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell

The doctors create these cells in a laboratory. The procedure is a modification between the adult cell and embryonic cells. Induced pluripotent stem cells are currently utilized in vitro for drug screening. They are useful to develop therapies implemented in people. These cells are playing an important role in disease modeling. It is helpful in human cell-based screening analysis.

Benefits of Stem Cell Therapy

Stem cell therapy includes normal growth factors that assist the body’s therapeutic response. It additionally helps bring down the pain brought about by any disease. The therapy also helps to bear any injury without taking pain-killing medicines. The use of stem cell therapy gives many benefits such as:

1. Prohibits nerve damage

The therapy has the least danger of any nerve damage. The undeveloped cell manages the influenced territory. It is possible by protecting the close by nerves from any harm.

2. Boosts the functionality and flexibility of body parts

Patients are anxious to come back to their daily schedule. This therapy helps to assist patients. It is possible by re-establishing their harmed body part to the manner in which it was before the injury.

3. Reduces the risk of rejection

Many times, stems cell therapy uses biologic materials from the patient’s body. So, there is less possibility of body rejection. It also brings down the danger of spreading infections from the patient’s own body.

4. Minimizes post-procedural recovery

In any medical treatment, recovery is the most time-consuming factor. But in stem cell therapy the recovery time is minimal. This helps the patients to return to their lifestyle very fast.

5. Useful for pain management

Stem cells are useful for pain management. It helps to fix, replace, or revive degenerative joints. They are also useful for harmed tissue, ligaments, or nerves. The stem cell treatments are beneficial in cardiovascular infections. It helps to recover from diabetes and other immune system ailments.

6. General anesthesia is not required

Bone marrow is useful for stem cell generation. The collection is possible from the iliac crest. The treatment is non-surgical and there is no need to give general anesthesia.

7. Ensures safe and efficient results

Stem cell therapy is a superior treatment that helps fix and restore damaged tissues. It also fixes and restores nerves, ligaments, and muscles. It gives fast relief with safe and efficient results.

8. Reduces pain and inflammation

The use of stem cells helps to lower the pain and inflammation in the body. The goal is to fix and recover the affected area in a productive way.

9. Regrows damaged tissue

Some accidents may cause everlasting harm to the tissue. Patients suffering from major sports injuries or accidents may face tremendous pain. The stem cell treatment helps to regrow the damaged tissue, thereby subsiding pains.

10. Avoids surgery and its complications and risks

The therapy is invasive, non-surgical practice. The stem cells picked here are from the patient’s bone marrow.

Side effects of Stem Cell Therapy

Side effects of a stem cell transplant will depend on:

  • the type and dose of chemotherapy drugs used before the transplant
  • patients age and general health
  • any dose of radiation therapy given before the transplant
  • how satisfactory the donor stem cells match
  • the type of transplant implemented


The following are immediate side effects develop just after the heavy dose of chemotherapy


  • Diarrhea
  • Fatigue
  • Vomiting and nausea
  • Swelling in your mouth
  • Anemia caused due to low red blood cells count
  • Difficulty in blood clot due to low levels of platelets


There are some side effects that occur after months or years of transplant. They are:

  • Thyroid issue
  • Bone or lung damage
  • Any other cancer
  • Sexual side effects
  • Menopause
  • Cataracts problem

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