Piles/ Hemorrhoids: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment and Home Remedies

What are Piles?

Piles are an accumulation of inflamed tissue in the anal canal. The size can vary. They are generally inside or outside the anus. They contain muscle, support tissue, blood vessels. It occurs in men and women above the age of 45 years. We should not ignore it as it can lead to serious health complications.

Piles are also called Hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids have four general categories:

1. Internal 

They lie inside the rectum. This type of piles is not visible to the naked eye. These might not cause pain. A person suffering from such piles have bleeding from the anus. It may also occur due to a high-fat diet or a low fiber diet. The other reasons may be pregnancy and childbirth or sitting for a longer period.

2. External 

They occur in the outer lining of the anal. External ones are not always visible but are sometimes seen as lumps. The lumps occur on the anal surface. You may have blood in the stool. External hemorrhoids may be due to constipation and diarrhea.

3. Prolapsed 

A prolapsed one occurs when internal hemorrhoids swell and stick to your anus. They look like swollen red lumps outside your anus. These lumps cause pain or discomfort resulting in burning or itching. Prolapsed hemorrhoids may curtail on their own or with home remedies. But some of them may need medical or surgical treatment.

4. Thrombosed 

Thrombosed hemorrhoids are swollen bulges near your anus. It contains a blood clot within the hemorrhoid tissue. There is intense pain and itchiness. One should consult the doctor immediately suffering from thrombosed ones. This will help in preventing any complications.

Symptoms of Hemorrhoids

In most of the cases, the symptoms of piles are not critical. They rectify on their own after a few days. These are some of the symptoms:

  1. The area around the anus seems red, sore, and itchy.
  2. Discharge of mucus after passing stool
  3. Blood clots near the anus
  4. Pain, itchiness, or discomfort around the anus while sitting.
  5. Bright red blood seen in stools.
  6. Pain while passing stool.


The major causes of hemorrhoids are:

  • Insufficient fluid intake
  • Obesity
  • Poor lifestyle
  • Anal intercourse
  • Pregnancy
  • Stress
  • Standing or sitting for a longer duration
  • The low fiber in your diet
  • Constant constipation or diarrhea
  • The weakening of supporting tissues in your anus
  • Lifting heavy objects very often
  • Problem while passing stool
  • Any previous surgery of the bowel
  • Spinal cord injury that affects the functioning of bladder and rectal

Treatment for Piles

In most of the cases, piles settle on their own without any treatment required. Anyway, some treatments can help especially to lower the discomfort and itching.

  1. Lifestyle changes
  2. Medication
  3. Surgical options
  4. Increasing water intake
  5. Avoid eating heavy food in dinner
  6. Wipe your bottom with damp toilet paper
  7. Keep your bottom clean and dry
  8. Apply witch hazel
  9. Cut down on alcohol and caffeine
  10. Exercise
  11. Avoid long period of sitting
  12. A warm bath with Epsom salt
  13. Cold compresses
  14. Wearing loose cotton clothes
  15. Eat fibrous food

Home Remedies 

Home remedies can make them more tolerable. Diet has a huge impact in causing and preventing the disease. The foods that are helpful for curing piles are:

  1. Aloe vera gel
  2. Whole grains
  3. Artichokes
  4. Bell peppers
  5. Cucumber
  6. Apples
  7. Raspberries
  8. Coconut oil
  9. Triphala powder
  10. Salads
  11. Castor oil
  12. Asafoetida (Heeng)
  13. Apple cider vinegar
  14. Pears
  15. Melons
  16. Celery
  17. Root vegetables
  18. Broccoli
  19. Legumes
  20. Bananas


The foods that you should avoid eating are:

  • Red meat
  • Processed meat
  • Fried food
  • Excess salty food
  • Dairy products
  • White flour
  • Spicy foods
  • Caffeinated beverages
  • Alcohol

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